The Role Of Garage Door Torsion Springs In The Overall Functionality Of Your Garage Door

Posted on: 10 January 2023

Having a properly functioning garage door is essential for the safety and security of your home, as well as the convenience of quickly entering and exiting your garage. Garage door torsion springs play a crucial role in how the door operates. 

Torsion springs are a heavy-duty component used to open and close garage doors. They are mounted on a metal rod above the garage door and work by rotating (or "torquing") as the door is raised or lowered. The force of the torsion spring counterbalances the weight of the garage door, making it easier to lift.

Types of torsion springs

Several garage door torsion springs are available, each with unique characteristics and benefits.

  • Standard torsion springs are the most common type and are suitable for most residential garage doors.
  • High-cycle torsion springs are designed to withstand more frequent use and are a good option for commercial or industrial properties.
  • Oil-tempered torsion springs are made of a particular type of steel treated with oil for added strength and corrosion resistance, suitable for high-humidity environments.

Selecting the correct torsion springs for your garage door

When selecting garage door torsion springs, there are several factors to consider:

  • Size and weight of the garage door: Choosing torsion springs that are properly sized for your garage door is vital. If the springs are too weak, the door will be difficult to lift. If the springs are too strong, the door may be too easy to lift and could slam shut.
  • Frequency of use: If you use your garage door multiple times a day, you may want to consider high-cycle torsion springs to ensure long-lasting performance.
  • Climate: Torsion springs can be affected by temperature changes. Oil-tempered torsion springs may be a good choice in cold climates because they are less prone to breaking due to temperature fluctuations.

Installing and maintaining torsion springs

Finally, garage door torsion springs are under a lot of tension and can be dangerous to work with, so it is recommended to hire a professional to install or repair them. Here are some tips for maintaining your torsion springs:

  • Lubricate the springs regularly: A silicone-based lubricant can help reduce friction and wear on the springs, extending their lifespan.
  • Check for visible signs of damage: Look for cracks, rust or other damage on the springs. If you notice any issues, it's best to have them repaired or replaced by a professional as soon as possible.
  • Test the balance of the door: To ensure that the torsion springs are functioning correctly, it's a good idea to test the door's balance. To do this, disconnect the door from the opener (if applicable) and manually lift the door about halfway up. It should stay in place and not feel too heavy or too light.